Vietnamese-style baked chicken; Chicken thighs (or breasts) marinated in a mixture of fish sauce, sugar, herbs and lime juice and then oven-baked to create a dish infused with flavor and browned to perfection.
Baked marinated chicken is one of our favorite weeknight dinners. What’s that – just mix up some spices, soak chicken thighs in it for a half hour, and then stick it in the oven? Sign me up. The more interesting the flavors, the more it’s a miracle that such a straightforward process can result in a delicious dinner. And so it is with this Vietnamese-style baked chicken.
There’s a lot going on in the marinade, but one of the standouts – possibly even the key ingredient – is the anchovy-based Vietnamese fish sauce, or nuoc mam. If you’ve never encountered it, you’ve got a treat ahead of you. This sauce is used as a dressing or dip (for example, as an accompaniment to spring rolls) but we actually use it all the time, even in non-Asian recipes, where we want to add a little salt and that distinctive fishy, savory note. Along with rice vinegar and sesame oil, it’s a great condiment to have as part of a simple Asian pantry.
Note: This recipe is part of our on-going series with Serious Eats. You can also find this recipe, and other great ones, on their site.
We’re also using palm sugar to sweeten the marinade and lend the chicken skin a beautiful golden-brown color during baking. It’s a traditional ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine, but it may be hard to find. If you are able to obtain it, you’ll find that bricks of palm sugar are usually rock-hard. You can grate it for recipes that need just a little (we recommend using the wide shredders of a sturdy box grater), or you can use a whole brick by softening it for a few minutes in hot water. If you can’t find palm sugar, you can substitute dark brown sugar.
The key to understanding marinades is knowing that they mostly don’t penetrate deeply into the meat; it’s little more than a surface treatment. Because of that, a half hour of marinating time is more than enough to get the flavor into the chicken thighs. You can leave them in for up to four hours, but any longer than that and the acid in the marinade could start to make the meat mushy.
Once it’s fully marinated, take the chicken out, shake off any excess liquid (but don’t rinse it off!), and bake it, skin side up, in a hot oven. You should check the temperature at 30 minutes, and make sure it’s at least 155°F (68°C) on the inside before you pull it out. If you like, you can add a broiling step at the end to enhance the color and crispiness of the skin, but take care not to let the sweet marinade burn.
While the chicken is baking, get your sides ready – we like to make this with simple steamed rice and a salad of quick-pickled cucumbers and red onions. And hey, if you want to sprinkle a little more of that fish sauce over the plate, we won’t tell. It’s special stuff.
Vietnamese-Style Baked Chicken
- 2 pounds 900g bone-in, skin-on chicken thighs
- 1/4 cup 60ml soy sauce
- 1/4 cup 60ml Asian fish sauce
- 1/4 cup 55g palm or dark brown sugar
- 1 tablespoon 10g minced peeled fresh ginger
- 2 teaspoons 10ml hot chili-garlic paste (sambal oelek)
- 1 1/2 tablespoons 20ml fresh juice from 1 lime
- 1 teaspoon 5g finely grated zest from 1 lime
- 3 medium cloves garlic minced or grated (about 2 teaspoons)
- 2 packed tablespoons 1/4 ounce fresh cilantro leaves and tender stems, finely chopped
- 2 tablespoons 30ml grapeseed or other neutral oil
- Sliced limes and cilantro leaves for garnish
- Place thighs in a large zipper-lock bag. In a medium bowl, whisk together soy sauce, fish sauce, sugar, ginger, chili-garlic paste, lime juice, lime zest, garlic, cilantro, and oil. Pour marinade into bag with chicken, seal bag, and toss to coat well. Let chicken marinate for at least 30 minutes and up to 4 hours.
- Preheat oven to 425°F (218°C) and set oven rack to middle position. Line a rimmed baking sheet with foil and place a wire rack on top. Remove chicken from bag, allowing marinade to drip off, and set on wire rack skin side up, making sure to leave space between thighs. Discard marinade. Bake until thighs register 155 to 160°F (68 to 71°C) on an instant-read thermometer, about 35 minutes. (Be sure to measure temperature in the center of the thickest part of the thighs, but not directly against the bone.) If chicken skin is not brown and crisp enough by the time the thighs are cooked through, turn on oven broiler and broil until browned and crisp, about 1 minute, being careful not to burn the skin. Transfer chicken to a platter and let rest for 5 minutes. Garnish with lime slices and cilantro, then serve.